Metabolický syndrom

Co je to metabolický syndrom?

Metabolic syndrome is when you’ve got 3 or more health issues that put you at higher risk for diabetes, coronary heart illness, and stroke. It is often called insulin resistance syndrome. It’s additionally referred to as “syndrome X.” When you’ve got metabolic syndrome, it means you’ve gotten 3 or more of those:

  • Stomach weight problems. This implies having a waist dimension of greater than 35 inches for girls and greater than 40 inches for males. A bigger waist dimension is most strongly tied to metabolic syndrome.
  • Hypertension. This implies blood pressure of 130/80 mm Hg or larger. Regular blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mm Hg. Hypertension is strongly tied to weight problems. It’s usually present in individuals with insulin resistance.
  • Excessive fasting blood glucose This implies a stage of 100 mg/dL or greater earlier than the remedy.
  • Excessive triglyceride stage This implies a stage of greater than 150 mg/dL earlier than the remedy. Triglycerides are a kind of fat within the blood.
  • lowLow HDL (good) cholesterol. This implies lower than 40 mg/dL for males and fewer than 50 mg/dL for girls.

Every one of those is nonetheless regarded as a dangerous issue, even if you are being handled for it.

What causes metabolic syndrome?

Consultants do not totally know what causes metabolic syndrome. A number of elements are related. Weight problems plus an inactive lifestyle provide the danger elements for metabolic syndrome. These embody excessive low-density cholesterol, insulin resistance, and hypertension. These danger elements might result in heart problems and type 2 diabetes.

Metabolic syndrome is more likely the older you are. It could grow to be the primary danger issue for heart problems, much more than cigarette smoking. Larger charges of weight problems could also be associated with larger charges of metabolic syndrome.

Insulin resistance could also be a reason for metabolic syndrome. However, specialists haven’t discovered a direct hyperlink between the two circumstances. Hormone modifications brought on by power stress might result in stomach weight problems, insulin resistance, and better blood lipids (triglycerides and LDL cholesterol).

Different elements which will result in metabolic syndrome embody:

  • Genetic modifications in an individual’s means to interrupt down fat (lipids) within the blood
  • Irritation from substances launched from fat cells
  • Older age
  • Issues in how fat is distributed within the physique

Who’s in danger of metabolic syndrome?

Realising your danger elements for any illness might help you to take useful actions. This consists of altering habits and being checked by your healthcare provider for the illness.

Danger elements most closely tied to metabolic syndrome embody:

  • Older age
  • Being African American or Mexican American is
  • Being African American and female
  • A physique mass index (BMI) greater than 25
  • Diabetes while being pregnant (gestational diabetes)
  • Having a member of the family with type 2 diabetes
  • Kouření
  • Historical past of heavy consuming
  • Stres
  • Being previous to menopause
  • An excessive-fat weight loss programme
  • Inactive lifestyle

What are the signs of metabolic syndrome?

However,PeopleOn the whole, individuals should not have signs. However hypertension, excessive triglycerides, and being chubby could also be indicators of metabolic syndrome. Folks with insulin resistance might have acanthosis nigricans. That is darkened pores and skin areas on the back of the neck, within the armpits, and below the breasts.

How is metabolic syndrome identified?

It’s possible you’ll be identified with metabolic syndrome. You probably have:

  • Stomach weight problems
  • BMI above 25
  • Excessive triglycerides
  • Low HDL (LDL) cholesterol
  • hypertension or are utilising medication to decrease blood pressure.
  • Excessive fasting blood glucose
  • Elevated blood clotting
  • Insulin resistance

How is metabolic syndrome handled?

Your healthcare supplier will determine one of the best remedies for you primarily based on:

  • How outdated you might be
  • Your general well-being and previous well-being
  • How sick you might be
  • How nicely you’ll be able to deal with particular medicines, procedures, and therapies
  • Your opinion or choice.

These are the forms of remedies for metabolic syndrome.

Redukce hmotnosti

Losing a few pounds will increase HDL (“good”) cholesterol and lower LDL (“dangerous”) cholesterol and triglycerides. Losing a few pounds may reduce the chance of type 2 diabetes.

Shedding even a small amount of weight can decrease blood pressure and enhance sensitivity to insulin. It could possibly additionally scale back the amount of fat around your centre. Weight loss programmes, behavioural counselling, and training decrease danger elements greater than weight loss programmes alone.

way of life modifications

You’ll need to cease using tobacco and reduce the quantity of alcohol you drink. Speak with your healthcare crew about methods to get assistance for these.

Weight loss programme modifications

Modifications in weight loss programmes are necessary in treating metabolic syndrome. Treating insulin resistance is the key to altering different danger elements. One of the best ways to deal with insulin resistance is by losing pounds and getting extra bodily exercise. Listed here are some healthy ways to vary your weight loss programme:

  • Embody a wide range of meals in your weight loss programme.
  • Use wholesome fat. Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat might assist keep your coronary heart wholesome. These wholesome fats are present in nuts, seeds, and a few forms of oils, such as olive, safflower, and canola.
  • Select entire grains corresponding to brown rice and whole-wheat bread as a substitute for white rice and white bread. Entire-grain meals are wealthy in vitamins in contrast with extra-processed meals. Entire grains are higher in fibre, so the physique absorbs them extra slowly. They don’t trigger a speedy spike in insulin, which might set off starvation and cravings.
  • Eat extra vegetables and fruits. Eat 2.5 cups of greens and a couple of cups of fruit a day. This quantity will range depending on what number of energy you want. You should definitely select a wide range of vegetables and fruits. Totally different vegetables and fruits have totally different quantities and forms of vitamins.
  • When eating out, take a part of your restaurant meal home. Ask for a take-home field or stay away from super-size choices whenever you order. Many restaurant dishes are too massive for just one person, so think about sharing an entrée. Or order an appetiser as a substitute for a principal dish from the entrée menu.
  • Learn meal labels rigorously. Pay close consideration to the variety of servings within the product and the serving dimension. If the label says a serving is 150 kcal, but the variety of servings per container is 3, and you eat all the container, you might be getting 450 kcal. Select meals that might be low in added sugar.

Vlak

Train helps people who find themselves chubby or overweight by serving to maintain and add muscle tissue while burning fat. It also helps you shed weight more quickly than simply following a nutritious diet. It is because muscle tissue burns energy more quickly.

Train lowers blood pressure and might help stop kind 2 diabetes. Training additionally helps you feel better emotionally, reduces the urge for food, improves sleep, improves flexibility, and lowers LDL cholesterol.

Speak with your healthcare supplier before beginning any exercise programme. Strolling is a superb exercise for nearly anybody. Begin slowly by strolling for a half-hour each day for a number of days per week. Step by step, add extra time so that you’re strolling for longer intervals most days of the week.

Léky

Individuals who have metabolic syndrome or are in danger of it might have to take medication as a remedy. That is especially probably if weight loss programmes and different lifestyle modifications haven’t helped. Your healthcare provider might prescribe medication to

  • Assist decrease blood stress.
  • Enhance insulin metabolism
  • It decreases LDL cholesterol and lifts HDL LDL cholesterol
  • Enhance weight loss.

Weight-loss surgical procedure

Weight-loss surgery (bariatric surgery) is a remedy for morbid weight problems in individuals who haven’t been able to shed weight by means of weight loss programmes, exercise, or medication. It could additionally assist people who find themselves much less overweight but who’ve extreme issues with their weight problems.

Weight loss surgical procedures may be executed in a number of ways. The forms of surgical procedure are both malabsorptive and restrictive, or each. Malabsorptive procedures change the best way the digestive system works. Restrictive procedures vastly reduce the size of the abdomen. The abdomen then holds fewer meals.

What are the potential issues of metabolic syndrome?

Most individuals who have metabolic syndrome have insulin resistance. The body makes insulin to manoeuvre sugar (glucose) into cells to be used as power. Extra body weight makes it more difficult for cells within the body to respond to insulin. If the body can’t make sufficient insulin to override the resistance, the blood sugar level will increase. That is a kind of diabetes. Metabolic syndrome could also be the beginning of type 2 diabetes.

Metabolic syndrome vastly raises the danger of

  • Sort 2 diabetes
  • Coronary heart illness:
  • Mrtvice
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
  • Fatty liver
  • LDL cholesterol and gallstones
  • Bronchitis asthma
  • Problémy se spánkem
  • Some types of cancers

What can I do to forestall metabolic syndrome?

One of the best ways to forestall metabolic syndrome is to

  • Hold a healthy weight.
  • Eat a nutritious diet.
  • Be bodily energetic.

Your weight loss programme must be low in:

  • Sůl
  • Sugar
  • Stable fat
  • Refined grains

Dwelling with metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a lifelong condition that can require modifications in your lifestyle. If you have already got coronary heart illness or diabetes, observe your healthcare supplier’s directions for managing these.

way of life modifications for managing metabolic syndrome embody

  • A nutritional diet
  • Bodily exercise
  • Stop smoking when you’re a smoker or use different tobacco products.
  • Losing a few pounds if you are chubby or overweight

Key factors in metabolic syndrome

  • Metabolic syndrome is when you’ve got 3 or more health issues that put you at higher risk for diabetes, coronary heart illness, and stroke.
  • Metabolic syndrome is more likely the older you are. It could grow to be the primary danger issue for heart problems, ahead of cigarette smoking. Larger charges of weight problems could also be associated with larger charges of metabolic syndrome.
  • Realising your danger elements for any illness might help you to take useful actions.
  • Therapy might include weight loss, weight loss programme modifications, exercise, and medication.

Následné kroky

Ideas that can assist you get the most from a visit to your healthcare supplier:

  • Know the rationale behind your go-to and what you need to occur.
  • Earlier than your go-to, write down questions you need answered.
  • Convey somebody with you that can assist you. Ask questions and keep in mind what your supplier tells you.
  • On the go, write down the name of a brand new prognosis and any new medicines, therapies, or checks. Additionally, write down any new directions your supplier offers you.
  • Know why a brand new medication or remedy is prescribed, and the way it will assist you. Additionally, you know what the unwanted side effects are.
  • Ask in case your situation may be handled in different ways.
  • Why a look or process is advisable and what the outcomes might imply
  • Know what to anticipate if you don’t take the drugs or have them taken a look at or processed.
  • When you’ve got a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and goal for that trip.
  • You probably have questions about how one can contact your supplier.

Metabolický syndrom

Co je to metabolický syndrom?

Metabolic syndrome is when you’ve got 3 or more health issues that put you at higher risk for diabetes, coronary heart illness, and stroke. It is often called insulin resistance syndrome. It’s additionally referred to as “syndrome X.” When you’ve got metabolic syndrome, it means you’ve gotten 3 or more of those:

  • Stomach weight problems. This implies having a waist dimension of greater than 35 inches for girls and greater than 40 inches for males. A bigger waist dimension is most strongly tied to metabolic syndrome.
  • Hypertension. This implies blood pressure of 130/80 mm Hg or larger. Regular blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mm Hg. Hypertension is strongly tied to weight problems. It’s usually present in individuals with insulin resistance.
  • Excessive fasting blood glucose This implies a stage of 100 mg/dL or greater earlier than the remedy.
  • Excessive triglyceride stage This implies a stage of greater than 150 mg/dL earlier than the remedy. Triglycerides are a kind of fat within the blood.
  • lowLow HDL (good) cholesterol. This implies lower than 40 mg/dL for males and fewer than 50 mg/dL for girls.

Every one of those is nonetheless regarded as a dangerous issue, even if you are being handled for it.

What causes metabolic syndrome?

Consultants do not totally know what causes metabolic syndrome. A number of elements are related. Weight problems plus an inactive lifestyle provide the danger elements for metabolic syndrome. These embody excessive low-density cholesterol, insulin resistance, and hypertension. These danger elements might result in heart problems and type 2 diabetes.

Metabolic syndrome is more likely the older you are. It could grow to be the primary danger issue for heart problems, much more than cigarette smoking. Larger charges of weight problems could also be associated with larger charges of metabolic syndrome.

Insulin resistance could also be a reason for metabolic syndrome. However, specialists haven’t discovered a direct hyperlink between the two circumstances. Hormone modifications brought on by power stress might result in stomach weight problems, insulin resistance, and better blood lipids (triglycerides and LDL cholesterol).

Different elements which will result in metabolic syndrome embody:

  • Genetic modifications in an individual’s means to interrupt down fat (lipids) within the blood
  • Irritation from substances launched from fat cells
  • Older age
  • Issues in how fat is distributed within the physique

Who’s in danger of metabolic syndrome?

Realising your danger elements for any illness might help you to take useful actions. This consists of altering habits and being checked by your healthcare provider for the illness.

Danger elements most closely tied to metabolic syndrome embody:

  • Older age
  • Being African American or Mexican American is
  • Being African American and female
  • A physique mass index (BMI) greater than 25
  • Diabetes while being pregnant (gestational diabetes)
  • Having a member of the family with type 2 diabetes
  • Kouření
  • Historical past of heavy consuming
  • Stres
  • Being previous to menopause
  • An excessive-fat weight loss programme
  • Inactive lifestyle

What are the signs of metabolic syndrome?

However,PeopleOn the whole, individuals should not have signs. However hypertension, excessive triglycerides, and being chubby could also be indicators of metabolic syndrome. Folks with insulin resistance might have acanthosis nigricans. That is darkened pores and skin areas on the back of the neck, within the armpits, and below the breasts.

How is metabolic syndrome identified?

It’s possible you’ll be identified with metabolic syndrome. You probably have:

  • Stomach weight problems
  • BMI above 25
  • Excessive triglycerides
  • Low HDL (LDL) cholesterol
  • hypertension or are utilising medication to decrease blood pressure.
  • Excessive fasting blood glucose
  • Elevated blood clotting
  • Insulin resistance

How is metabolic syndrome handled?

Your healthcare supplier will determine one of the best remedies for you primarily based on:

  • How outdated you might be
  • Your general well-being and previous well-being
  • How sick you might be
  • How nicely you’ll be able to deal with particular medicines, procedures, and therapies
  • Your opinion or choice.

These are the forms of remedies for metabolic syndrome.

Redukce hmotnosti

Losing a few pounds will increase HDL (“good”) cholesterol and lower LDL (“dangerous”) cholesterol and triglycerides. Losing a few pounds may reduce the chance of type 2 diabetes.

Shedding even a small amount of weight can decrease blood pressure and enhance sensitivity to insulin. It could possibly additionally scale back the amount of fat around your centre. Weight loss programmes, behavioural counselling, and training decrease danger elements greater than weight loss programmes alone.

way of life modifications

You’ll need to cease using tobacco and reduce the quantity of alcohol you drink. Speak with your healthcare crew about methods to get assistance for these.

Weight loss programme modifications

Modifications in weight loss programmes are necessary in treating metabolic syndrome. Treating insulin resistance is the key to altering different danger elements. One of the best ways to deal with insulin resistance is by losing pounds and getting extra bodily exercise. Listed here are some healthy ways to vary your weight loss programme:

  • Embody a wide range of meals in your weight loss programme.
  • Use wholesome fat. Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat might assist keep your coronary heart wholesome. These wholesome fats are present in nuts, seeds, and a few forms of oils, such as olive, safflower, and canola.
  • Select entire grains corresponding to brown rice and whole-wheat bread as a substitute for white rice and white bread. Entire-grain meals are wealthy in vitamins in contrast with extra-processed meals. Entire grains are higher in fibre, so the physique absorbs them extra slowly. They don’t trigger a speedy spike in insulin, which might set off starvation and cravings.
  • Eat extra vegetables and fruits. Eat 2.5 cups of greens and a couple of cups of fruit a day. This quantity will range depending on what number of energy you want. You should definitely select a wide range of vegetables and fruits. Totally different vegetables and fruits have totally different quantities and forms of vitamins.
  • When eating out, take a part of your restaurant meal home. Ask for a take-home field or stay away from super-size choices whenever you order. Many restaurant dishes are too massive for just one person, so think about sharing an entrée. Or order an appetiser as a substitute for a principal dish from the entrée menu.
  • Learn meal labels rigorously. Pay close consideration to the variety of servings within the product and the serving dimension. If the label says a serving is 150 kcal, but the variety of servings per container is 3, and you eat all the container, you might be getting 450 kcal. Select meals that might be low in added sugar.

Vlak

Train helps people who find themselves chubby or overweight by serving to maintain and add muscle tissue while burning fat. It also helps you shed weight more quickly than simply following a nutritious diet. It is because muscle tissue burns energy more quickly.

Train lowers blood pressure and might help stop kind 2 diabetes. Training additionally helps you feel better emotionally, reduces the urge for food, improves sleep, improves flexibility, and lowers LDL cholesterol.

Speak with your healthcare supplier before beginning any exercise programme. Strolling is a superb exercise for nearly anybody. Begin slowly by strolling for a half-hour each day for a number of days per week. Step by step, add extra time so that you’re strolling for longer intervals most days of the week.

Léky

Individuals who have metabolic syndrome or are in danger of it might have to take medication as a remedy. That is especially probably if weight loss programmes and different lifestyle modifications haven’t helped. Your healthcare provider might prescribe medication to

  • Assist decrease blood stress.
  • Enhance insulin metabolism
  • It decreases LDL cholesterol and lifts HDL LDL cholesterol
  • Enhance weight loss.

Weight-loss surgical procedure

Weight-loss surgery (bariatric surgery) is a remedy for morbid weight problems in individuals who haven’t been able to shed weight by means of weight loss programmes, exercise, or medication. It could additionally assist people who find themselves much less overweight but who’ve extreme issues with their weight problems.

Weight loss surgical procedures may be executed in a number of ways. The forms of surgical procedure are both malabsorptive and restrictive, or each. Malabsorptive procedures change the best way the digestive system works. Restrictive procedures vastly reduce the size of the abdomen. The abdomen then holds fewer meals.

What are the potential issues of metabolic syndrome?

Most individuals who have metabolic syndrome have insulin resistance. The body makes insulin to manoeuvre sugar (glucose) into cells to be used as power. Extra body weight makes it more difficult for cells within the body to respond to insulin. If the body can’t make sufficient insulin to override the resistance, the blood sugar level will increase. That is a kind of diabetes. Metabolic syndrome could also be the beginning of type 2 diabetes.

Metabolic syndrome vastly raises the danger of

  • Sort 2 diabetes
  • Coronary heart illness:
  • Mrtvice
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
  • Fatty liver
  • LDL cholesterol and gallstones
  • Bronchitis asthma
  • Problémy se spánkem
  • Some types of cancers

What can I do to forestall metabolic syndrome?

One of the best ways to forestall metabolic syndrome is to

  • Hold a healthy weight.
  • Eat a nutritious diet.
  • Be bodily energetic.

Your weight loss programme must be low in:

  • Sůl
  • Sugar
  • Stable fat
  • Refined grains

Dwelling with metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a lifelong condition that can require modifications in your lifestyle. If you have already got coronary heart illness or diabetes, observe your healthcare supplier’s directions for managing these.

way of life modifications for managing metabolic syndrome embody

  • A nutritional diet
  • Bodily exercise
  • Stop smoking when you’re a smoker or use different tobacco products.
  • Losing a few pounds if you are chubby or overweight

Key factors in metabolic syndrome

  • Metabolic syndrome is when you’ve got 3 or more health issues that put you at higher risk for diabetes, coronary heart illness, and stroke.
  • Metabolic syndrome is more likely the older you are. It could grow to be the primary danger issue for heart problems, ahead of cigarette smoking. Larger charges of weight problems could also be associated with larger charges of metabolic syndrome.
  • Realising your danger elements for any illness might help you to take useful actions.
  • Therapy might include weight loss, weight loss programme modifications, exercise, and medication.

Následné kroky

Ideas that can assist you get the most from a visit to your healthcare supplier:

  • Know the rationale behind your go-to and what you need to occur.
  • Earlier than your go-to, write down questions you need answered.
  • Convey somebody with you that can assist you. Ask questions and keep in mind what your supplier tells you.
  • On the go, write down the name of a brand new prognosis and any new medicines, therapies, or checks. Additionally, write down any new directions your supplier offers you.
  • Know why a brand new medication or remedy is prescribed, and the way it will assist you. Additionally, you know what the unwanted side effects are.
  • Ask in case your situation may be handled in different ways.
  • Why a look or process is advisable and what the outcomes might imply
  • Know what to anticipate if you don’t take the drugs or have them taken a look at or processed.
  • When you’ve got a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and goal for that trip.
  • You probably have questions about how one can contact your supplier.

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