Quand demander un conseil génétique

Genetic counseling provides you details about well being issues that run in your loved ones. It features a evaluation of household historical past, well being historical past, being pregnant historical past, or all three. The objective of genetic counseling is to:

  • Test your danger of getting a child with doable well being issues
  • Clarify what causes a well being downside and the way it’s inherited
  • Talk about what checks can be found
  • Work out the outlook of a well being downside
  • Handle your well being wants
  • Deal with a well being downside

Counseling classes normally final about an hour. However classes can fluctuate based mostly in your particular well being and household historical past. Genetic counseling may be given by:

  • A board-certified genetics physician (medical geneticist). This can be a physician with particular coaching in genetics.
  • A genetic counselor. This can be a particular person with particular coaching (grasp’s diploma) in genetic counseling.
  • A health care provider with particular coaching in genetics counseling of their specialty. For instance, a physician who counsels on sickle cell illness.

Chances are you’ll get genetic counseling for any of the next.

Household historical past components

Household historical past components imply well being points that run in households. Chances are you’ll want this should you had a earlier little one born with:

  • Mental incapacity
  • Neural tube defects, equivalent to spina bifida
  • Chromosome issues, equivalent to Down syndrome
  • Cleft lip or palate
  • Coronary heart issues
  • Quick peak
  • Single gene defects, equivalent to cystic fibrosis or phenylketonuria (PKU)
  • Listening to or imaginative and prescient issues
  • Studying disabilities
  • Psychological well being issues
  • Most cancers
  • Different issues that could possibly be thought of genetic

You might also want this counseling if:

  • You’ve gotten had a number of being pregnant losses. These embrace miscarriages, stillbirths, or toddler deaths.
  • You or your associate has a genetic dysfunction, or any dysfunction seen in a number of generations
  • Each you and your associate are carriers for a genetic dysfunction. This can be recognized by the start of an affected little one or by service screening.
  • The mom is a recognized or doable service of a genetic dysfunction, equivalent to hemophilia
  • Both you or your associate is a recognized service of a balanced chromosome downside

Being pregnant components

These embrace:

  • Mom is age 35 or older at supply
  • Mom’s blood checks present a better danger for neural tube defects, Down syndrome, or trisomy 18
  • Irregular prenatal check outcomes or ultrasound examination
  • Child or father or mother being uncovered to probably dangerous issues. These embrace unlawful medication, sure chemical substances, radiation, or an infection.
  • Older age of the daddy on the time of conception
  • Infertility circumstances the place both father or mother might have a chromosome downside
  • {Couples} that want fertility therapies to get pregnant. Or folks donating eggs or sperm for fertility therapies.

Some well being points that have an effect on the mom additionally might have an effect on the fetus or little one. These embrace:

  • Mind or temper problems
  • Blood problems
  • Autoimmune problems
  • Hypertension
  • Saisies
  • Alcoholism
  • Diabète
  • Thyroid dysfunction

Different components

You might also want counseling for any of this stuff:

  • You’re a member of sure ethnic teams. Otherwise you stay in areas the place sure ailments are extra frequent. These embrace cystic fibrosis, Tay-Sachs illness, sickle cell illness, and thalassemias.
  • You might be very nervous or fearful of getting a baby with a start defect.
  • The being pregnant entails blood family or incest.
  • Your little one could also be at excessive danger for a genetic dysfunction based mostly on your loved ones or your private well being historical past. Chances are you’ll wish to get premarital or preconception counseling.