Cancer is a condition where cells in a particular part of the body grow and replicate frantically. The malignant cells can attack and ruin surrounding healthy tissue, consisting of organs.

What is Cancer

Cancer often starts in one part of the body prior to infecting other locations. This procedure is called transition.

1 in 2 individuals will establish some type of cancer throughout their life time. In the UK, the 4 most typical kinds of cancer are:

There are more than 200 various kinds of cancer, and each is identified and dealt with in a specific method. You can discover links on this page to details about other kinds of cancer.

Spotting Signs of cancer

Changes to your body’s typical procedures or uncommon, unusual signs can often be an early indication of cancer.

Symptoms that require to be inspected by a medical professional consist of:

  • a swelling that all of a sudden appears on your body
  • unusual bleeding
  • modifications to your bowel routines

But in a lot of cases your signs will not be associated with cancer and will be triggered by other, non-cancerous health conditions.

Reducing your danger of cancer

Making some easy modifications to your way of life can considerably minimize your danger of establishing cancer.

For example:

  • healthy consuming
  • taking routine workout
  • not smoking cigarettes

The Macmillan Cancer Support site has more details about how a healthy way of life can assist minimize your possibilities of establishing cancer.

Cancer Treatment

Surgery is the very first treatment to pursue the majority of kinds of cancer, as strong tumours can normally be surgically eliminated.

2 other frequently utilized treatment approaches are:

  • chemotherapy — effective cancer-killing medications
  • radiotherapy — the regulated usage of high-energy X-rays


Accurately identifying cancer can take weeks or months. As cancer frequently establishes gradually over a number of years, awaiting a couple of weeks will not normally effect on the efficiency of treatment.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (GREAT) has actually produced recommendation standards for believed cancer.

You must not need to wait more than 2 weeks to see a professional if your GP presumes you have cancer and urgently refers you.

In cases where cancer has actually been validated, you must not need to wait more than 31 days from the choice to deal with to the start of treatment.

Cancer Services

  • Find regional cancer assistance services
  • Find professional cancer health centers
  • Find cancer assistance services for females

Other cancer pages

The Health A-Z covers various kinds of cancer:

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia
  • Anal cancer
  • Bile duct cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Bone cancer
  • Bowel cancer
  • Brain tumour (top-quality)
  • Brain tumour (low-grade/mixed)
  • Breast cancer (woman)
  • Breast cancer (male)
  • Carcinoid tumours
  • Cervical cancer
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
  • Chronic myeloid leukaemia
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Ewing sarcoma
  • Eye cancer
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Hairy cell leukaemia
  • Head and neck cancer
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Kaposi’s sarcoma
  • Kidney cancer
  • Laryngeal cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Mesothelioma
  • Mouth cancer
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Nasopharyngeal cancer
  • Neuroendocrine tumours
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Nose and sinus cancer
  • Oesophageal cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Penile cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Rectal cancer
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Skin cancer (deadly cancer malignancy)
  • Skin cancer (non-melanoma)
  • Soft tissue sarcoma
  • Stomach cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Uterine cancer
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulval cancer
Social care and assistance guide

If you:

  • require assist with daily living since of disease or special needs
  • take care of somebody frequently since they’re ill, senior or handicapped– consisting of relative

Our guide to care and support describes your alternatives and where you can get assistance.

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